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Real name
Current alias
Old Red Eyes; Craig; Hell Something
Terri (girlfriend, deceased)
Base of operations
Mars; formerly Earth; formerly Mekka

Unusual features
He's a robot
Marital status
War robot
Created by Quartz Industries
First appearance
Last appearance


Hammerstein is a character from the strips Ro-Busters, ABC Warriors and Nemesis the Warlock. He is a Mark III War Robot, created by Quartz Industries to fight the invading Volgan forces who had originally conquered Britain in 1999 (see Invasion!). The Mark I War Robots were first deployed circa 2009 but had difficulty distinguishing friend from foe and had to be destroyed, while the Mark II models (programmed with moral values their predecessors lacked) were by nature pacifists who refused to fight. Hammerstein was the prototype Mark III, a compromise solution, given programmed emotional responses but a deep-seated sense of patriotism and a belief that his commander is always right and the enemy is always beyond redemption.

When Hammerstein was three months old his programmer, Jodi Jones, took him to a robot psychiatrist because the contradictions inherent in human warfare (e.g. 'our side' being permitted to do things that are evil when 'their side' does them) had caused him to enter a catatonic state. The psychiatrist exposed him to a variety of novels, paintings, films and musical pieces in an attempt to induce an emotional reaction, but this only happened when Hammerstein saw him kissing Jodi. He took a swipe at the psychiatrist with his hammer, accidentally killed Jodi instead and removed the psychiatrist's head. (To be fair, he later tried to screw it back on again.) This was the first emotion he ever experienced: jealousy.

Hammerstein was the first of what came to be known as the ABC Warriors, created to deal with atomic, bacteriological and chemical warfare, which humans had no defence against. As the war progressed, he became a sergeant, in charge of a commando unit whose name became synonymous with the ABC Warriors, alongside the sniper Joe Pineapples, the absurd Happy Shrapnel, and later several other recruits including Deadlock, Mongrol, Steelhorn and the reprogrammed Volgan robot General Blackblood.

Hammerstein's actions during the Volgan War earned him the Iron Cross, 1st class. However, it is noteworthy that from fairly early on in his career he showed signs of having been given a little too much higher cognitive ability to be compatible with the unquestioning slave-like obedience traditionally expected from robots. His moral code sometimes caused him to question his superiors and to adopt a protective attitude to the robots under his command. With the Volgan war over, Hammerstein and his Warriors were sent to Mars to make the world safe for human colonists. That mission accomplished, they were decommissioned, and Hammerstein was sold by the military into private hands.

Hammerstein in Ro-Busters


After the war Hammerstein needed to hide his true identity, necessitating the replacement of his original head with a cheaper model which left him with a slightly altered personality, a somewhat buffoonish 'Colonel Blimp' persona. (He later claimed that his original head had suffered some damage.) Having been on sale in 'Flash' Harry Lowder's robo-mart he was sold, ironically, to Ro-Busters, the organization created by Howard Quartz of Quartz Industries (who had designed the Mark III War Robots for the military) as a disaster rescue squad.

Partnered somewhat unwillingly with the former sewer maintenance robot Ro-Jaws, Hammerstein became one of the core team of Ro-Busters, until Quartz decided to shut the operation down for tax reasons and scrap the robots. His secretary, Miss Marilyn, warned her friends Ro-Jaws and Hammerstein about her employer's plans. The pair rebelled, leading the remainder of Ro-Busters off-planet to the free robot world and a new life.

Return of the ABC Warriors

Much of Hammerstein's life over the next few centuries is unclear, but he at some stage returned to Earth and had his old head repaired, restoring his original personality. He eventually ended up back in the Army, fighting for the forces of the oppressive regime of Earth (now renamed Termight) against aliens who were mostly harmless.

Deployed against alien civilians in the 'Gothic Empire', an alien Empire based on Earth's Victorian era, he eventually realized he was on the wrong side and joined the alien revolutionary Nemesis the Warlock in reforming the ABC Warriors (with several new recruits) to battle against Termight's evil regime. After several missions, Nemesis dispatched the Warriors into the Time Wastes to repair the damage done to the Black Hole Bypass by his son, Thoth, and save the galaxy. On this mission, Hammerstein met Terri, a deluded human girl who believed she was a robot and that he was her boyfriend, Craig. Hammerstein formed an attachment to Terri, but she later died, leaving him alone and depressed. He temporarily ceded leadership of the Warriors to Deadlock but eventually rebelled against his anarchic ways, leading to the Warriors breaking up once more.

Subsequently, Hammerstein was tricked into placing himself in the hands of his old foe Blackblood for a 'service', and ended up disassembled and welded to a workbench for five years being systematically tortured. Eventually released when the Warriors were needed again, he was somewhat put out to find that his comrades had apparently known where he was all the time! Facing the demonic Hellbringer, his neural net was overloaded with guilt over his past actions and he had to overcome it in order to free himself, having finally realized that, to paraphrase his fellow Warrior Morrigun, "Nobody likes a nice guy" (see quotes).

Hammerstein later led the Warriors back to Mars in order to deal with unrest there which eventually became a full scale war. Currently, he is still on Mars with the Warriors, trying to restore peace and getting very few thanks for it.

Powers and abilities[]


Rescuing people; armed combat; electrical engineering; tracking; operating underwater.

Strength level

Has "enough kill-power to wipe out an army" (according to Ro-Jaws in Starlord #7).


Tends to have crises of conscience; vulnerable to hypnotism and attractive women.



Water jet thrusters; tritanium-steel-flexi-cable.


The Preying Mantis (when in Ro-Busters); The Satan Dart; various starships.


War hammer in place of his right hand; sin gun; lazer dagger; machine guns; rockets; lasers.


  • Hammerstein has been rebuilt several times, so his physiology has varied over the years. Notably, his helmet — which was once a part of his head — is now removable.
  • One story recounts how Hammerstein rejoined the army after the original Mars mission and fought the Judges of Mega-City One following the Atomic Wars of 2070. Hammerstein ended up buried in the Cursed Earth radiation desert for decades before being freed and encountering Judge Dredd, fighting the lawman before realizing that the war was long over and he had no purpose any more. The canonicity of this story is uncertain, however, as it appears to conflict with the chronology established in the ABC Warriors series; it may be that this was an alternate timeline version of Hammerstein.
  • A version of Hammerstein appeared in the 1995 Judge Dredd movie (unnamed, and minus his hammer, which still seems a rather odd oversight. But what else can one expect from a movie in which Judge Dredd removes his helmet?).
  • Hammerstein featured in the 2000 AD 40th Anniversary Special, in a one-page humour strip written by Matt Smith and drawn by Mark Sexton which showed him trying to persuade Mek-Quake that any violence depicted in 2000 AD was meant to cause moral reflection rather than enjoyment. (Mek-Quake responded to Hammerstein's argument by punching him so hard he was knocked out of the panel.) He was also in the Ro-Busters story immediately afterwards.


  • Hammerstein and his work partner Ro-Jaws are named after Rodgers and Hammerstein, two men from the USA who wrote some of the world's most famous musicals.
  • As part of his emotional education, Hammerstein read the complete works of Barbara Cartland.


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